Today, Poland faces serious political and economic problems. The crisis created by the current Law and Justice (PIS) regime suggests that in the long run, Poland may not be able to catch up with the more advanced democracies and better developed economies. The process initiated 25 years ago has lost its momentum. Almost every day the government disregards liberal democracy and the rule of law, disbands independent institutions and flouts the Constitution. The government shows also an absolute lack of understanding of modern economy. The precious time needed for reforms to get out of the trap of middle income is wasted and free-for-all policies implemented by the authorities risk ruining the Polish budget. Under these circumstances the opposition is becoming well prepared for the period “after PiS”. The liberal agenda must be comprehensive and development-oriented. It must be responsible and steer clear of populism.
Reforms must take the global trends and latest challenges into consideration. Polish growth will be built on knowledge, new technologies and innovations. This great leap forward will not be possible without an ambitious digital agenda. The global economy is now digitalized and the digital economy is changing extremely fast. The race for innovation, skills and markets forces all governments and organizations to anticipate and adapt in order to thrive. Poland is lagging behind many other countries when it comes to the fast, reliable and connected digital networks which underpin economies and every part of the administration, business and private lives.
The presented article gives an overview of top 10 digital challenges for Poland. The list is subjective and some of its elements can be substituted by others. Nevertheless, I believe it is a good starting point for a discussion about the future of Poland.
Our freedom is fragile and must be protected. Polish citizens must feel safe in the modern world that does not look safe at all. Recent years show that threats come from many directions, the most ominous ones from the East and from the South. Terrorism in its broadest sense (both in the form of the so-called Islamic State and the hybrid war) has become the biggest challenge for the Western world. This was clearly manifested during the last NATO summit in Warsaw. Today, no one doubts that full and comprehensive security requires cybersecurity. The EU and NATO leaders pledged to increase cooperation in five areas, including cyber safety and security. They aim to deal thoroughly with hybrid threats and hybrid war. Therefore a public discussion about a potential EU hybrid expertise center would now be very welcome. Although EU and NATO leaders pledged to strengthen cybersecurity, threats come not only from outside.
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