The Czech Republic is one of the Eastern European economies that, despite its socialist past, is catching up economically with Western Europe. However, in addition to the increase in social welfare and overall national income, this process is naturally associated with a form of income and wealth inequality which is perfectly natural in modern market economies.
Under Article 38 of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, the family is the basis of society and the State, and family, motherhood, fatherhood, and childhood shall be under the protection and care of the State. Even though the Constitution provides that families are the basis of society and what the concept of marriage is, there are still disagreements between legal scholars, lawyers, and politicians as to what ‘family’ actually means. The state’s obligation to protect families under the Constitution entails not only providing a regulatory framework for creating a family, but also the ability of the family members to make their own decisions in deciding what is best for them and their families.
Family policy has become a universal content of election programs of all parties. In this area, the parties unanimously offer increases in public spending, regardless of the added value of the increase.
Social policy can be seen from a fragmented perspective with a purpose to justify growing costs of welfare and ideological battles against the free market economy. Such policies try to advocate limits of the market economy or even undermine its role, for the sake of making ‘progress’ in changing the economic system.
For the lack of a better word, social policy can be tricky – not only to create and implement, but also to discuss. Even the main purpose of social policy is unclear. There seem to be three main schools of thought.
We are pleased to present the seventeenth issue of 4liberty.eu Review, titled “Green Development: An Opportunity for CEE?”. This time, our primary focus is on the future of the region in light of the challenges related to much-needed energy transformation.
We trust that our Reader will find here not only captivating ideas, but also a source of empowerment – to be able to brave the storms of the energy crisis that is now trundling through Europe.
In its report on the Green Deal, the European Commission states that the transformation must take into account all relevant aspects and their interconnectedness – from the climate to the landscape to the social.
The alternative to command-and-control systems is trying to transfer external benefits or costs back to perpetrators in monetary form. In case of positive externalities, subsidies are introduced to convince people to undertake more beneficial actions.